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Home >> Beijing Travel Attractions >> Forbidden City

Forbidden City

Forbidden City
Beijing Forbidden City
Imperial Palace

Also known as the Imperial Palace, the Forbidden City contains 150,000 square meters of floor space within an area of 720,000 square meters to constitute the largest and most complete ensemble of traditional architecture in the world.

The most impressive buildings on the palace ground are Hall of Supreme Harmony (Taihe Dian), Hall of Central Harmony (Zhonghe Dian) and Hallof Preserving Harmony (Baohe Dian). Viewed from afar, these palaces built on eight-metre-high white marble foundations take on a grandeur that is almost mythological. The Hall of Supreme Harmony, the most elegant of the three, also known as "Hall of the Golden Throne", is the place where grand ceremonies were held. It is 30.05 metres high, 13.96 metres wide from east to west and 37.2 metres from north to south and its roof is supported with 84 huge pillars, each a metre in diametre. Six of them, decorated with gold dragons, surround the throne which rests on a two-metre-high platform. Sculptures of divine cranes, incense burners and tripods stand in front and a meticulously carved screen behind. The hall is filled with priceless gold art and jewellery on display. The Hall of Central Harmony is where emperors rehearsed for ceremonies and took short rests before going into the Hall of Supreme Harmony. Behind it, the Hall of Preserving Harmony is where on Lunar New Year's Eve emperors feasted nobles of ethnic minorities. The last two halls, built entirely of wood, have eaves covered with paintings.

Beyond the Hall of Preserving Harmony is the inner palace. Here, Hall of Heavenly Purity (Qianqing Gong), Hall of Union (Jiaotai Dian,) and Hall of Earthly Tranquility (Kunning Gong) stand on the central axis and are flanked by six eastern and six western courtyards. The inner palace is the area where emperors conducted daily routine work and lived with their empresses and concubines.
Construction of the palace took 14 years (1406-20) during the reign of Ming Emperor Zhu Di (r. 1402-24) and 24 emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties ruled the country from here. A visit to this huge palace and its precious exhibits in various halls will help visitors learn something of the palace life of China's emperors.

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Beijing
Forbidden City
Badaling Great Wall
Mutianyu Great Wall
Temple of Heaven
Summer Palace
Tiananmen Square
Beijing Opera
Ming Tombs
Underground Palace
Yonghegong Lamasery
Beijing Hutong
White Cloud Taoist Temple
Beihai Park
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Simatai Great Wall
Juyongguan Great Wall
JianKou Great Wall
Beijing Zoo
Confucian Temple
Shichahai Hutong
Tanzhe Temple
Fragrant Hills Park
798 Art Zone
Aquatics Center "Water Cube"
National Stadium "Bird's Nest"
 
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