The Bund with a length of 1.5 kilometers
is located in the Huangpu District which is downtown Shanghai.
On the east of this area, you won't miss the mother river
of Shanghai - Huangpu River; and on the west of it, you will
see the 1930s resplendence of Shanghai proved by a row of
buildings of variegated western architectures titled as'the
museum of international architecture', in detail, 52 buildings
in different styles: gothic, romanesaue, baroque, Chinese
and Western combined. Therefore, the Bund is an influential
attraction, a landmark and one of most famous destinations
worth traveling in Shanghai.
In Shanghai, the upstream is called Li and
the downstream called Wai. When the Huangpu River formed a
sharp turn at Lujiabang, it was divided into Li Huangpu and
Wai Huangpu. Therefore the beach (tan in Chinese) of Wai Huangpu
which across Suzhou Creek from Waibadu Bridge to the East
Jinling Road was called Waitan in Chinese and the Bund in
English. Being the original outline of Shanghai, it was named
Huangpu Road, Yangzi Road and Huangputan Road before, but
changed into East-1 Zhongshan Road in 1945 for memorizing
the Sun Yat-sen - one of the greatest leaders of modern China.
Nevertheless, it is still known well by former name Waitan
In 1840, Shanghai became one of the five
treaty ports opened to the outside world. Then, it became
a British settlement from1845 and France settlement from 1849
until early 1940¡¯s. During this period, foreign
firms standing in great numbers, brisk trade day and night,
and foreign embassies gathering here, this area became the
most prosperous land in Shanghai and earned a title of "Oriental
Wall Street". Thus, everyone would be proud of owning a piece
of land there to show his social status. Gradually, the Bund
became a 'treasure house of Shanghai.' Quite a few architects
hired brought their talents into full play for constructing
delicate buildings. Times change!Those accomplishments still
stand along the Huangpu River with almost the original look,
being a beautiful landscape of the Bund.
After the victory of communist in the Chinese
civil war, lots of foreign financial institutions moved out
of this area and other places for entertainment also closed
or converted to other uses. From 1990¡¯s, in order
to boost the tourism of Shanghai, the local government decided
to promote the Bund after some stages of restoration. Before
the Expo, 2010, with the purpose of enlarging the space or
view for tourists, the project of building underground tunnel
was carried out.
As one of the hottest attractions in
Shanghai, the Bund always gives out momentum of grace and luxury
no matter being gazed from far distance or nearby area. Many
tourists from home and abroad swarm into Shanghai but they never
miss the Bund. Even you are not an expert in architecture you
might still have interest in those distinguished historic architecture
of "The Bund - Shanghai".
Cloud Taoist Temple
Center "Water Cube"
Stadium "Bird's Nest"