The Muslim Quarter is behind the Drum Tower.
Muslim Quarter is one of the most famous tour attractions
in Xian. The majority residents in Muslim Quater are Hui people.
The Muslim Quarter is one of the four quarters of the ancient,
walled Old City of Jerusalem. It covers 31 hectares (76 acres)
of the northeastern sector of the Old City. The quarter is
the largest and most populous and extends from the Lions'
Gate in the east, along the northern wall of the Temple Mount
in the south, to the Damascus Gate--Western Wall route in
the west. The Via Dolorosa road starts in the quarter.
Dome of the Rock from the Cotton GateThe
population of the Muslim Quarter is 22,000. Like the other
three quarters of the Old City, the Muslim quarter had a mixed
population of Jews as well as Muslims and Christians until
the riots of 1929. Today 60 Jewish families live in the Muslim
Quarter, and a few yeshivot are located there. The main one
is Yeshivat Ateret Cohanim. Jewish landmarks within the quarter
include the Kotel Katan or Little Western Wall, and the Western
Wall Tunnels, which run below the neighborhood along the Western
On July 27, 2005, Israeli planners approved
the construction of Jewish housing in the Muslim Quarter,
a few meters from the al-Aqsa Mosque. It will contain thirty
apartments on three dunums of land.
As foreign communities grew in size, they
introduced their own customs and facilities. The 50,000 strong
Muslim community that lives and works today in Xi'an traces
its history to those Middle Eastern merchants who, after travelling
the Fur Road, settled down here. Then, as now, the Muslim
community perpetuated their culture by operating mosques and
schools. So it is that the Great Mosque was originally constructed
in the year 742. Today the Muslim community, which supports
ten or so mosques, runs its own primary school, foods shops
and restaurants. For over 1300 years, they have been an integral
part of Xi'an's colourful daily life.