Qin Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses discovered
in 1974, later on the condition of the founding here built
a large-scale museum and be opened on the National Day in
1979.Qin Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses has opening up a
world rarity and been stirred home and aboard quickly. As
a treasure, it was regarded to be an ancient miracle and one
of the most important archaeological finds.
By right of its huge size, powerful scenes
and superb scientific value and art level, it turns out to
be a great wonder to the audience and becomes a popular tourist
site. The ancient city of Xian with Qin Terra Cotta Warriors
and Horses Museum, it quickly became one of the most important
tourist cities. Domestic and foreign visitors have come to
The world-famous Qin Terra Cotta Warriors
and Horses is situated to the east of QinShiHuang's Mausoleum
that covers an area of more than hectares. Although it is
a traditional ancient treasure, still it is well surrounded
by green trees, blooming flowers and grass in large areas,
where you can feel delightful and enjoyable.
The first Chinese Emperor QinShiHuang, in
order to prolong his power upon the country, had begun to
build his mausoleum that took a period of up to eleven years
to finish. It is speculated that many buried treasures and
sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after
life. It is said that workers and supervisors involved in
its design and construction were buried alive within the tomb.
Some speculations say that the Emperor was so superstitious
and fearful that he had the necropolis built as a decoy and
was, in fact, buried somewhere else.
In the early spring of 1974, a number of
peasants found some ancient bronze weapons and pieces of broken
terra cotta armored warriors while digging a well by chance.
It is the place right at the northern foot of Lishan, which
lies 35 kilometers from Xi'an City. If without deep excavation,
it may just remained a tiny discovering, no one would expected
that this accidental discovery would prove to be one of the
most significant modern archaeological finds. It is indeed
a wonder to human beings all over the world for adding great
understanding to China's history and meanwhile unclosing a
unique and majestic spectacle in front of the world.
Upon the small findings, the archaeologists
explored an oblong-shaped pit of Qin Terra Cotta Warriors
and Horses. For deeper excavation, to the north of this pit
another two pits were found from the distance of 20 and 25
meters respectively. In term of their discovering time, they
were named as pit 1, pit 2 and pit 3 with a total area of